Ivan Coggeshall’s book

Ivan Coggeshall’s book
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE
COPYRIGHT
PREFACES
PART 1 TRANSATLANTIC CABLE ROUTE VIA NEWFOUNDLAND
THE FIRST THREE TRANS-ATLANTIC CABLES
Formation of the Western Union Telegraph Company, 1851 – 1856
Formation of the Atlantic Telegraph Company, 1856
The first and unsuccessful attempts, 1857
Landline connections, New York to Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, 1852 – 1858
Cyrus Field and his British financial backing: reasons for Britains early cable supremacy
The temporarily successful expedition of 1858
The temporarily unsuccessful cable of 1865
The Anglo American and its 1866 cable
The French-Anglo Brest-St. Pierre-Duxbury cable of 1869
THE TRANS-ATLANTIC CABLE POOLS
The first trans-Atlantic cable pool, 1869 -1876
The Anglo’s twin cables of 1873 – 1874
The Direct United States and its 1875 cable
Trans-Atlantic cable competition reopens, feebly
The second Pool is formed and Anglo 1880 is laid
The second French, the PQ cable of 1879
Jay Gould corners gold, railroads, telegraphs
Gould gets the Western Union and lays two cables
Gould’s twin cables of 1881 – 1882
The third and last Pool, 1882 – 1911
THE COMMERCIAL COMPETES WITH THE POOLED COMPANIES
Mackay and Bennett form the Commercial Cable Co
The Commercial’s twin cables of 1884
Mackay forms the Postal Telegraph system
Western Union lays feeder cables on the American side
The Pool’s cable layout in 1894
The Commercial lays its 1894 cable
Miscellaneous cables and feeders, 1894 -1909
THE AMERICAN TELEPHONE & TELEGRAPH COMPANY IN CABLE HISTORY
A.T. & T. buys Western landlines and cables
The Pool is dissolved by the United States as a monopoly
Western Union leases the Anglo and the DUS
The Anglo’s monopoly in Newfoundland ends
Western Union under the A. T. & T. 1909 – 1913
Cable operations during World War, 1914 -1918
PART 2 NORTH ATLANTIC CABLE AND RADIO CIRCUITS – 1919 TO 1933
RADIO COMPETITION ENTERS THE FIELD
trans-Atlantic radio telegraphy, 1901 -1919
Formation of the Radio Corporation of America, 1919
Other radio companies enter the trans-Atlantic field
Split of traffic between cable and radio 1929
Post-War communications undergo nationalistic development
BRITAIN’S IMPERIAL CABLE – RADIO POLICIES
The British Colonial attitude since 1902: the All Red route is visualised
Britain seizes and diverts a German cable, 1914
Consummation of the All Red route: Empiradio competes with Imperial and PCB
Composition of Imperial and International Communications
Competition for Canadian traffic to Britain
AMERICAN DEVELOPMENTS SINCE THE WAR
Western Union connections between Ireland and London
New American short sections, 1920 – 1923
Commercial’s Jumbo and the Western Union Permalloy cables, 1923 – 1928
Western Union’s high speed 1926 cable
Miscellaneous changes in cable layout, 1927 -1933
The Anglo and Western Union in Canada, 1873 -1919
Western Union sells its domestic business in Canada, 1929
The submarine earthquake of 1929
Formation of International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation
Development of Mackay Radio
Proposed merger between I.T. & T. and RCA Communications
Rumoured mergers involving Western Union, A. T. & T. and Postal
PART 3 AMERICAN TRAFFIC WITH EUROPEAN COUNTRIES VIA LONDON
AMERICAN TRAFFIC WITH FRANCE
The Haphazard beginnings of circuits between France and America
Formation of “the French” – the PQ
The French Antilles system
Anglo lays the Cuckmere-le Havre cable, 1900
France gains a German cable through the fortunes of war
Western Union’s expanding activity in France
Radio in the French traffic picture
Recent changes in the French layout
AMERICAN TRAFFIC WITH THE LOW COUNTRIES
Holland and its United States connections
Belgian cable and radio outlets
AMERICAN TRAFFIC WITH SCANDINAVIAN COUNTRIES
Formation of the Great Northern
AMERICAN TRAFFIC WITH CENTRAL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Traffic beyond London, Paris and Brussels
PART 4 NORTH ATLANTIC AND MEDITERRANEAN TRAFFIC VIA THE AZORES
GERMAN-AMERICAN CONNECTIONS UP TO THE WAR PERIOD
The Portuguese Azores in trans-Atlantic communication
Germany’s American connection via Valentia
Germany seeks an outlet avoiding Great Britain
The Eastern admits outsiders to its Azores concession
Commercial joins in the plan for direct cables, US-Germany
DAT and Commercial lay cables to Azores, 1900
Commercial uses Azores as approach to Waterville
Seizure of DAT cables during the War
ITALCABLE AND WESTERN UNION ENTER AZORES
Italy and Spain in the trans-Atlantic layout
Formation of Italcable in Italy
Italcable’s expansion coincides with DATs rehabilitation, 1922 – 1925
Further steps in the joining of the Italian and German projects
The cable is laid from New York to Rome via Horta, 1924 -1925
Plans are completed for the laying of a new Emden cable by DAT
The contracts of 1925
Traffic, US-Germany via London
The Emden cable is laid and put through
RADIO ON THE MIDDLE ATLANTIC ROUTE
The beginnings of German wireless service
RCA and Transradio join hands
Radio to Italy, Spain and Portugal
PART 5 EQUIPMENT, RATES, ORGANISATION AND EMPLOYEE RELATIONS
TECHNICAL HISTORY OF CABLE EQUIPMENT
Early development of cable apparatus
Through-working introduced by printing systems and regenerators
The use of vacuum tubes on cables
PRESENT-DAY CABLE OPERATIONS
Ownership and statistics of cables
Typical Western Union traffic layout, 1933
The possibilities and extent of through working
HISTORY OF TRANS-ATLANTIC RATES
Trans-Atlantic cable rates, 1866 – 1914
Trans-Atlantic cable, 1914 -1933
CHANGES IN WESTERN UNION CABLE ORGANIZATION
Personnel of the Pool companies at the end of the Pool era
Carlton’s first cable organisation moves, 1911-1914
Western Union’s London organisation during the War
The cable organization is moved to New York and functionalised, 1922
WESTERN UNION EMPLOYEES’ RELATIONSHIPS
Early history of employees’ relationships, 1910 – 1913
Western Union adopts its General Benefit Plan, 1913
The cable Joint Contributory Plan is adopted, 1922
Chronology leading up to collective bargaining
Formation of the Cable Employees’ Associations, 1919
The European Cable Association
The American Cable Association
PART 6 GOVERNMENTAL CONTROL OF INTERNATIONAL TELEGRAPHY
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES AND THE TELEGRAPHIC CONVENTION
History of the Telegraph Conferences, 1865 -1932
Adherence to and conformity with the Convention
Reason for American Companies’ non-adherence
LEGISLATION ON CABLE MATTERS
Various forms of governmental control
Special governmental inquiries
General legislation affecting telegraphs and cables
Governmental control of rates
US Government’s attitude towards monopolies
EXECUTIVE CONTROL OF LANDING LICENSES
Great Britain’s policy as to landing licenses
The policy of the US as to landing licenses
Western Union’s landing licenses
THE MIAMI INCIDENT AND ITS RESULTS
The Miami Beach landing episode 1920-1922
Legal fight of Western Union in the Miami case
The Miami cable is landed by Presidential permit
US landing licenses since 1922
CABLES IN MILITARY STRATEGY
The significance of cables in military strategy
Promotions of nationalistic interests
International law pertaining seizure of cables
Interference and propaganda in times of peace
THUMBNAIL BIOGRAPHIES OF PERSONAE CITED IN THE NARRATIVEAUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE AUTHOR

INDEX

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